Physics Journal

Articles Information

The Linked-Measure and Linked-Field for Linking Micro-Particles to Macro-Cosmos and Dispelling Dark Matter and Dark Energy

Pages: 89-96 Views: 1246 Downloads: 883

[01]
Fred Y. Ye, School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

A mathematical multi-vector consisted of a complex scalar, a complex vector and a bivector, which constructs a physical linked-measure, yielding a linked-field. When the linked-measure is applied as the world measure, its strong symmetric links generate electromagnetic field and its strong micro-inner links do strong field, while its weak micro-inner symmetric links synthesize electroweak field. With adding outer space-time metric, the linked-field leads to gravitational field with a new understanding of dark matter and dark energy. In the linked-field, the micro-particle standard model and the macro-cosmos standard model are unified, where double dynamic sources drive the universe, in which one initialized big-bang and another pushed rotation. Dark matter and dark energy are structural effects of the whole universe, caused respectively by rotation and big-bang. A rotated vacuum explosive experiment is suggested to verify the hypothesis.

Linked-Measure, Linked-Field, Unified Field, Multi-Vector, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Standard Model

[01]
Einstein, A. The foundation of the general theory of relativity. Annalen der Physik, 49, 769–822 (1916). doi:10.1002/andp.19163540702
[02]
Beringer, J. et al. (Particle Data Group). Review of particle physics. Physical Review, D86, 010001(2012)
[03]
Drees, M. and Gerbier, G. Dark matter. In Olive, K.A. et al. (Particle Data Group). Review of particle physics. Chinese Physics C, 38, 09000, 353-360 (2014)
[04]
Mortonson, M. J. et al. Dark energy. In Olive, K.A. et al. (Particle Data Group). Review of particle physics. Chinese Physics C, 38, 09000, 361-368 (2014)
[05]
Hestenes, D. Spacetime physics with geometric algebra. American Journal of Physics, 71(7), 691–714 (2003)
[06]
Doran, C. J. L. and Lasenby, A. N. Geometric Algebra for Physicists. Cambridge University Press (2003)
[07]
Ye, F. Y. A Clifford-Finslerian physical unification and fractal dynamics. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41(5), 2301-2305 (2009)
[08]
Ye, F. Y. Curvature mass inside hadrons: Linking gravity to QCD. Natural science, 5(2), 182-186 (2013)
[09]
The ATLAS Collaboration. Observation of a new particle in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Physics Letters B, 716(1), 1-29 (2012)
[10]
The CMS Collaboration. Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC. Physics Letters B, 716(1), 30-61 (2012)
[11]
Olive, K.A. et al. (Particle Data Group). Review of particle physics. Chinese Physics C, 38, 09000 (2014)
[12]
Sarkar, S. Big bang nucleosynthesis and physics beyond the standard model. Reports on Progress in Physics, 59, 1493–1609 (1996)
[13]
Cyburt, R. H. et al. New BBN limits on physics beyond the standard model from 4He. Astroparticle Physics, 23, 313–323 (2005)
[14]
Fields, B. D. et al. Big-bang Nucleosynthesis. In Olive, K.A. et al. (Particle Data Group). Review of particle physics. Chinese Physics C, 38, 09000, 339-344 (2014)
[15]
Riess, A.G. et al. Observational evidence from supernovae for an accelerating universe and a cosmological constant. The Astronomical Journal, 116,1009-1038 (1998)
[16]
Planck Collaboration. Planck 2013 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results. arXiv: 1303.5062v1(2013)
[17]
Planck Collaboration. Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters. arXiv: 1303.5076v3 (2013)
[18]
Hestenes, D. Observables, operators and complex numbers in the Dirac theory. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 16, 573–583 (1975)
[19]
Hestenes, D. and Sobczyck, G. Geometric algebra to Geometric Calculus. Boston: Reidel (1984)
[20]
Lasenby, A. et al. Gravity, gauge theories and geometric algebra. arXiv: gr-qc/0405033v1(2004)
[21]
Weinberg, S. Gravitation and cosmology. New York: Wiley (1972)
[22]
Matarrese, S. et al. (ed.) Dark Matter and Dark Energy: A challenge for modern cosmology. Dordrecht: Springer (2011)

Vol. 5, Issue 1, March Submit a Manuscript Join Editorial Board Join Reviewer Team

About This Journal |

All Issues |

Open Access |

Indexing |

Payment Information |

Author Guidelines |

Review Process |

Publication Ethics |

Editorial Board |

Peer Reviewers |

Copyright © 2014 - American Institute of Science except certain content provided by third parties.