Physics Journal

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Science, Technology and Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics

Pages: 9-16 Views: 513 Downloads: 331

[01]
Clóves Gonçalves Rodrigues, School of Exact Sciences and Computing, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.
[02]
Roberto Luzzi, Institute of Physics “Gleb Wataghin”, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

The binomial *Science* & *Technology* (S & T) is inseparable. In this contribution are presented some general considerations on the question of the aspect and interrelationships of the Science, Technology, Government and Society, and the role of *Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics* that are present in the nowadays highly sophisticated technologies and industrial processes that contribute to the wealth and well being of world society. The evolution of the Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics is briefly described. In present days remarkable development of all the modern technology, essential for the welfare and progress of the global society, imposes an immense stress on basic Physics, and consequently on Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, in situations like, for example: fluids with complex structures, electronics and photonics involving systems out of equilibrium, nano-technologies, low-dimensional systems, non-linear and ultrafast processes in semiconductors devices, and soft matter. It is shown that the Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics can deal, within a certain degree of triumph, with some these situations, namely: 1. nonconventional thermo-hydrodynamics; 2. ultrafast relaxation processes in semiconductors devices; 3. nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein-like condensations and coherent states; 4. low-dimensional semiconductors; 5. thermo-statistics of complex structured systems; 6. nonlinear higher-order thermo-hydrodynamics; and 7. nonlinear transport in semiconductors devices. These areas are of particular interest, at the scientific, technological and at the production line, and therefore of relevance for government and society, successfully analyzed in terms of the formalism of Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics.

Science, Technology, Statistical Physics, Non-equilibrium Systems

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